There has always been a strong history of institutional investment in Indian real estate through both mediums; direct ownership of property and pooled investment funds. Going back a bit in history, institutional real estate investments had dominated the sector and it was during 1990s that led to the emergence of strategic funds that were targeted to take the benefit of falling property prices and hefty discounts. Thus, in the beginning of 21st century, private equity in real estate came into picture as an independent asset class and has been experiencing a huge growth off late. And even though the real estate sectorâ€™s domestic front looks dampened, the PE fund inflow has gained momentum riding high on the norms flexibility government has provided over the last couple of years. This inturn is allowing the Indian real estate sector to maintain a good balance of funds and is acting as a messiah in this sectorâ€™s revival days.
â€œEven though the domestic demand has failed to meet the expectations of the sector, international fund flow has ensured the upward side of the demand graph. Total private equity investments from foreign funds in Indian real estate grew by over 30 percent from 2014 to 2015, and in fact, this number shaped up much better in the first half of 2015 and even better this year. DIPPâ€™s flexibility of norms and relaxation towards entry/exit barriers has done the trick and the governmentâ€™s decision towards allowing 100 percent FDI in construction will be fruitful in years to comeâ€, avers Manoj Gaur, President CREDAI-NCR & MD, Gaursons India Ltd.
â€œFor any foreign investor, India is a real potential market that promises long term returns. Speaking about the real estate sector, government has provided a strong boost through its policy measures as well as mammoth infrastructural upgradation plans. With such announcements, private sector and primarily, international front will become extremely active as plans are big and will yield greater returns in future. Tier 1 cities will have the biggest chunk out of it and even last year itself, MMR, NCR and Bengaluru have in themselves accounted for over 70 percent of foreign PE investmentsâ€, explains Rajesh Goyal, Vice President CREDAI-Western U.P. & MD, RG Group.
Infrastructural developments in a country serves as the backbone for its realty sector and this is exactly where India is standing out as a strong market. At the same time, having a policy framework that supports and promotes ease of doing business especially for foreign nationals play a vital role towards attracting foreign funds. â€œPE funds inflow has been on a constant rise and will continue as India promises infra development on a large scale and the government eases the ways of doing business. Conditions of area restriction of floor area of 20,000 sq. mtrs. and minimum capitalisation of $5 million required within six of commencement of business had been removed and since then a lot of FDI has flown in. Another important element that has come up and will act as a catalyst is the implementation of Real Estate Act. Foreigners transacting in India will now have a much secured environment to conduct businessâ€, elucidates Deepak Kapoor, President CREDAI-Western U.P. & Director, Gulshan Homz.
Investments made during early 2000s and till the recession year, i.e. 2008 could not yield good results, coupled with depreciating rupee by almost 45 percent over the last half a dozen years had made investors largely hesitant. On the flipside though, in the upcoming 4-5 years, Indian residential real estate is projected to deliver almost 10 lakh units and thus there is a huge scope for inflow of funds. â€œIn the first quarter of 2016, private equity investments rose by almost 40 percent at Rs. 3,840 crore versus YoY Q1 2015, and here residential front took the majority share. Even the overall funds inflow had grown by over 30 percent in the first quarter, where even the number of deals closed rose significantly. Relaxation of FDI norms and promise of better infrastructure along with hefty supply coming up are the real reasons behind this funds growthâ€, enlightens Vikas Bhasin, MD, Saya Group. Residential real estate in India has always been in demand due to the ever growing population. Answering the housing needs of the public was always in the manifesto of the current government where Housing for all by 2022 and Affordable housing has been the key jargons. â€œParticipation of investors in real estate through private equity has been a result of long term visions and plans by the government. Housing for all, Smart cities and affordable housing is keeping the interest of the investors extremely active, as these are all long term plans that will yield better returns. As the real estate sector move towards better policy implementations, investors will feel much more secured. Real Estate Act is now in place, and if industry status and single window clearance is executed in Indian real estate, this will greatly attract more foreign investors and multiply funds inflowâ€, shares Rakesh Yadav, Chairman, Antriksh India.
Speaking about how well the PE funds market has groomed in India with a lot more still in pipeline, Kushagr Ansal, Director of Ansal Housing concludes, â€œIndia has always been an untapped resource which is now gaining popularity amongst the globe, riding with strong policy measures taken by the government. Our realty sector contributes 5-6 percent annually towards the GDP and thus, it is imperative to keep the things active here. Over the last couple of years, funds inflow has increased drastically especially in Tier 1 realty regions. Tier 2 and 3 cities will gain momentum as Smart cities and AMRUT has been worked upon. We are expecting private equity market to grow by almost 60-70 percent in the upcoming 3-4 years versus today, particularly towards residential real estate, which will be closely followed by commercial and retail as well.â€